Eastern Subterranean Termites

There can be up to 13 termite colonies per acre in the southern U.S.

Identification

  • Soldiers have rectangular shaped heads
  • Swarmers occur during the spring, usually after a rain shower, and are dark in color, ranging up to 1/2 inch in size
  • Workers are 3/8 inch in size or less and comprise the majority of the population

Environment

  • Beneficial insects when they consume fallen timber and other cellulose material
  • Recycle wood and other plant material and help aerate the soil
  • Become a pest when they try to recycle the structural timbers of a home

Threats

  • Responsible for more than 2 billion dollars of damage to homes in the United States every year
  • Cause more damage in an average year than fires, floods, and tornadoes
  • A termite colony may contain several hundred thousand individuals and
  • There may be up to 12 termite colonies in an acre in some parts of the country

Treatment

  • Bait systems may be placed around the perimeter of a home, such as Sentricon
  • Liquid termiticides may be applied

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