Moles are cylindrical mammals that are primarily underground burrowers. The name comes from a conjugation of a German word for dirt and a Danish word for throwing, so they are named “dirt throwers” or ones who throw dirt.
- Velvety fur
- Tiny or invisible ears and eyes
- Short, powerful legs and arms with large paws for digging
- Extra thumb on each hand
- Can survive in low-level oxygen environments, such as underground burrows, by reusing oxygen inhaled above ground
- Eat earthworms and other insects found in soil (totaling about half their body weight each day)
- Saliva contains a toxin that paralyzes worms to store them for later consumption
- Construct underground “larders” to store paralyzed worms until ready to eat
- Have 1 to 2 young per year, which rapidly grow into adults in only a few short months
- Burrowing can destroy root systems, causing damage to grass and turf or plants
- Consists of trapping or baiting the runs; the trick is to find the feeding tunnels vs the travel tunnels.